ADAP: AIDS Drug Assistance Programs
ADC: AIDS Dementia Complex
AETC: AIDS Education and Training Centers
AHCPR: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research
Antibody: A protein that recognizes a particular epitope on an antigen and facilitates clearance of that antigen.
Antigen: Any substance, usually foreign, that binds specifically to an antibody.
ARV - Antiviral Drugs
BDNA: Branched DNA Assay
CBCT: Community-Based Clinical Trials
CBO: Community-Based Organization
CDC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention
CMI: Cell Mediated Immunity
Co-infecté : la co-infection est l'infection simultanée d'un hôte par plusieurs agents pathogènes. Co-infection is a simultaneous infection of an host by several pathogen agents.
Co-morbidity: presence of multiple diseases or disorders
Commune - City District
CNI - Centre National d’Immunisation - National Center for Immunization
CPN : consultation pre-natale
CSLS - Cellule Sectorielle de Lutte contre le SIDA
CSREF - Centre de Santé de Référence (CSREF, Referral Health Centre)
DHHS: Department of Health and Human Services
DRS - Direction Regionale de la Sante, Regional Health Department
DSMB: Data Safety and Monitoring Board
Epitope: Site on an antigen that is recognized by an antibody. Epitopes are also called antigenic determinants.
FDA: Food and Drug Administration
FDC: Follicular Dendritic Cells
GART: Genotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Test
GP 41: (also gp41) Glycoprotein 41
HAART: Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HAM/TSP: HTLV-1-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis
HCSUS: HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study
HCNLS : Haut Conseille Nationale dans la Lutte contre le SIDA, National High Council in the fight against AIDS.
HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
HLA: Human Leukocytes Antigen
HPTN: HIV Prevention Trials Network
HPV: Human Papilloma Virus
HRSA: Health Resources and Services Administration
HSV: Herpes Simplex Virus
HTLV-1: Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus (type 1)
HVTN: HIV Vaccine Trials Network
IHS: Indian Health Services
Immunogenicity: the ability of a particular substance, such as an antigen or epitope, to provoke an immune response in the body of a human or animal.
IND: Investigational New Drug
IRB: Institutional Review Board
INRSP - Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, National Research Institute for Public Health. This is where we send blood samples to be tested.
KSHV: Kaposi’s Sarcoma Herpes Virus
LAS: Lymphadenopathy Syndrome
LBMA : Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire Appliquée, Applied Molecular Biology Laboratory
LFT: Liver Function Test
LIP: Lymphoid Interstitial Pneumonitis
LTR: Long Term Repeat Sequence
MAC: Mycobacteriumavium Complex
MDR-TB: Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis
MHC: Major Histocompatibility Complex
MTCTP- Mother to child transmission prevention
NAT: Nucleic Acid Test
NK Cells: Natural Killer Cells
NNRTI: Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor
OHL: Oral Hairy Leukoplakia
OI: Opportunistic Infection
PBMC: Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell
Psychosocial: peer support groups for “social and nutrition support”
PTME: prevention transmission mere enfant
Rapid HIV Test: Screening test for HIV that produces very quick results, typically within 20-60 minutes. Rapid HIV tests use blood or oral fluid to detect the presence of HIV antibodies.
RT-PCR: Reverse Transcriptase PCR
SAMHSA: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
Seroprevalence - the level of a pathogen in a population, as measured in blood serum.
Sikoro: One of the poorest towns located in Bamako, Mali. There is no electricity or running water. GAIA VF’s Chez Rosalie clinic is located in Sikoro.
SIT: Structured Intermittent Therapy
SIV: Simian Immunodeficiency Virus
STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease
STI: Sexually Transmitted Infection
TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor
TST: Tberculin Skin Test
VTN: Vaccine Trials Network