ADAP: AIDS Drug Assistance Programs

ADC: AIDS Dementia Complex

AETC: AIDS Education and Training Centers

AHCPR: Agency for Health Care Policy and Research

Antibody: A protein that recognizes a particular epitope on an antigen and facilitates clearance of that antigen.

Antigen: Any substance, usually foreign, that binds specifically to an antibody.

ARV - Antiviral Drugs

BDNA: Branched DNA Assay

CBCT: Community-Based Clinical Trials

CBO: Community-Based Organization

CDC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention

CMI: Cell Mediated Immunity

Co-infecté : la co-infection est l'infection simultanée d'un hôte par plusieurs agents pathogènes. Co-infection is a simultaneous infection of an host by several pathogen agents.

Co-morbidity: presence of multiple diseases or disorders

Commune - City District

CNI - Centre National d’Immunisation - National Center for Immunization

CPN : consultation pre-natale

CSLS - Cellule Sectorielle de Lutte contre le SIDA

CSREF - Centre de Santé de Référence (CSREF, Referral Health Centre)

DHHS: Department of Health and Human Services

DRS - Direction Regionale de la Sante, Regional Health Department 

DSMB: Data Safety and Monitoring Board

Epitope: Site on an antigen that is recognized by an antibody.  Epitopes are also called antigenic determinants.

FDA: Food and Drug Administration

FDC: Follicular Dendritic Cells

GART: Genotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Test

GP 41: (also gp41) Glycoprotein 41

HAART: Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy

HAM/TSP: HTLV-1-Associated Myelopathy/Tropical Spastic Paraparesis

HCSUS: HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study

HCNLS : Haut Conseille Nationale dans la Lutte contre le SIDA, National High Council in the fight against AIDS.

HIV: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

HLA: Human Leukocytes Antigen

HPTN: HIV Prevention Trials Network

HPV: Human Papilloma Virus

HRSA: Health Resources and Services Administration

HSV: Herpes Simplex Virus

HTLV-1: Human T Cell Lymphotropic Virus (type 1)

HVTN: HIV Vaccine Trials Network

IHS: Indian Health Services

IL: Interleukin

Immunogenicity: the ability of a particular substance, such as an antigen or epitope, to provoke an immune response in the body of a human or animal.

IND: Investigational New Drug

IRB: Institutional Review Board

INRSP - Institut National de Recherche en Santé Publique, National Research Institute for Public Health. This is where we send blood samples to be tested.

KSHV: Kaposi’s Sarcoma Herpes Virus

LAS: Lymphadenopathy Syndrome

LBMA : Laboratoire de Biologie Moléculaire Appliquée, Applied Molecular Biology Laboratory

LFT: Liver Function Test

LIP: Lymphoid Interstitial Pneumonitis

LTR: Long Term Repeat Sequence

MAC: Mycobacteriumavium Complex

MDR-TB: Multi Drug Resistant Tuberculosis

MHC: Major Histocompatibility Complex

MTCTP- Mother to child transmission prevention

NAT: Nucleic Acid Test

NK Cells: Natural Killer Cells

NNRTI: Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor

OHL: Oral Hairy Leukoplakia

OI: Opportunistic Infection

PBMC: Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cell

Psychosocial: peer support groups for “social and nutrition support”

PTME: prevention transmission mere enfant

Rapid HIV Test: Screening test for HIV that produces very quick results, typically within 20-60 minutes.  Rapid HIV tests use blood or oral fluid to detect the presence of HIV antibodies.

RT-PCR: Reverse Transcriptase PCR

SAMHSA: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Seroprevalence - the level of a pathogen in a population, as measured in blood serum.

Sikoro: One of the poorest towns located in Bamako, Mali.  There is no electricity or running water.  GAIA VF’s Chez Rosalie clinic is located in Sikoro.

SIT: Structured Intermittent Therapy

SIV: Simian Immunodeficiency Virus

STD: Sexually Transmitted Disease

STI: Sexually Transmitted Infection

TB: Tuberculosis

TNF: Tumor Necrosis Factor

TST: Tberculin Skin Test

VTN: Vaccine Trials Network